Obama Carefully Defends Free Speech

In defending freedom of speech at the UN, President Obama addressed a variety of audiences, especially the world’s Muslims angry over an offensive video, but he also didn’t want to rile up his political opponents at home. That kept some of the key defenses of free speech off the table, says ex-CIA analyst Paul R. Pillar.

By Paul R. Pillar

It was inevitable that President Barack Obama would devote a significant part of his address to the United Nations General Assembly to the subject of freedom of expression. The repercussions of the anti-Islam video that sparked violence in several Muslim-majority countries are too recent and too substantial not to have done so.

The President began and ended his speech referring to Christopher Stevens, the U.S. ambassador who died in some of that violence. Mr. Obama had to explain why the United States could not have somehow just banned the offensive video. And of course he would have been criticized by his domestic political opponents if he had not delivered a vigorous defense of free speech.

President Barack Obama addresses the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 25, 2012. (Official White House Photo by Chuck Kennedy)

What the President said on the topic in his U.N. speech was appropriate for the forum, the time and the circumstances. The address deserves the good reviews it received.

The President noted that modern mass communications make obsolete many notions of controlling the flow of information. He argued that free speech is necessary for a democracy to function well. And he observed that efforts to restrict speech “can quickly become a tool to silence critics and oppress minorities.”

All quite valid, although this defense of free speech was still rather narrow. The President discussed the subject in large part in terms of religion. He said it is not repression but rather more speech that is needed to “rally against bigotry and blasphemy.” Use of that last term was unfortunate.

Although bigotry and blasphemy are both negative concepts that imply contempt for someone else’s community, and although sometimes both are exhibited by the same warped minds, they really are different things.

Some of the most pronounced bigotry is exhibited by those who profess to be most outraged by blasphemy. The term “blasphemy” recalls the intolerance codified in blasphemy laws and the genuine outrage of how some of those laws are implemented.

It was probably an effective tactic to convey as one of the main messages of the address that those who are most offended by attacks on their own religion have some of the most to lose through repression of free expression.

But the President’s presentation overlooked the single most important reason to safeguard free speech: it is one of the best ways to get closer to the truth, and to what is effective and to what works. John Stuart Mill, in his essay On Liberty, identified this as the primary reason for safeguarding freedom of thought and discussion:

“First, if any opinion is compelled to silence, that opinion may, for aught we can certainly know, be true. To deny this is to assume our own infallibility.”

Mill went on to explain further reasons for ensuring free expression and how the subject is not just a simple matter of something being true or false:

“Secondly, though the silenced opinion be an error, it may, and very commonly does, contain a portion of truth; and since the general or prevailing opinion on any subject is rarely or never the whole truth, it is only by the collision of adverse opinions that the remainder of the truth has any chance of being supplied.

“Thirdly, even if the received opinion be not only true, but the whole truth; unless it is suffered to be, and actually is, vigorously and earnestly contested, it will, by most of those who receive it, be held in the manner of a prejudice, with little comprehension or feeling of its rational grounds.

“And not only this, but, fourthly, the meaning of the doctrine itself will be in danger of being lost, or enfeebled, and deprived of its vital effect on the character and conduct.”

An address by a head of government at the United Nations is not the same as a discourse by a political philosopher, and it probably would have been unwise to try to work this kind of reasoning into the President’s speech this week.

But we should keep in mind this most fundamental set of reasons not only for why freedom of speech is something we cherish but also why it should be cherished, even when it appears to collide with, say, someone’s religious faith.

We should keep it in mind partly because the ills of restricted expression that Mill described sometimes infect our own public discourse, notwithstanding the constitutional guarantees of the First Amendment. This does not always take the form of false dogma imposing itself, although we see that in, for example, creationist attempts to affect school curricula.

More often it involves the political correctness involved in automatic acceptance of a “general or prevailing opinion”, as it might relate to, for example, a foreign alliance or a perceived foreign threat, and quickness in shouting down those who challenge such an opinion.

Americans also have their share of doctrine, such as the belief in free enterprise, that has a valid and proven basis but often is held more as if it were the product of a revealed religion, thereby losing a good sense of the “character and conduct” that ought to be applied to particular problems and circumstances.

In looking abroad, and especially at the Middle East, the part of the world that President Obama was most addressing in his U.N. speech, we should keep in mind the chief justifications for free expression in order to know what we are wishing on other people. Sure, an immediate wish is that societies not tear themselves apart over sectarian differences, as is going on now in Syria.

But people who do not get beyond the immediate preoccupations and the concerns about who is blaspheming whom and who fail to graduate instead to a more prosperous, as well as more just and civil, way of life, will merely be clinging forever, as Mr. Obama might put it, to their guns and religion.

A transition to a more prosperous way of life requires an active search for truth rather than merely believing what a local religious leader says to believe. It requires a vigorous interplay of ideas, with competing points of view freely expressed, to discover what works and what is effective.

We cannot force people in other countries to think this way, but we should keep all of this in mind whenever we have an opportunity to nudge their thinking in this direction, maybe even explaining this in a speech or two.

Paul R. Pillar, in his 28 years at the Central Intelligence Agency, rose to be one of the agency’s top analysts. He is now a visiting professor at Georgetown University for security studies. (This article first appeared as a blog post  at The National Interest’s Web site. Reprinted with author’s permission.)


8 comments for “Obama Carefully Defends Free Speech

  1. jerry gates
    September 28, 2012 at 5:45 am

    It is ironic that President Obama calls out Muslim leaders to be more tolerant of abuses of their religious prophets names and reputations by known agitprops in western hate groups while his zionist enslaved nation cant find it’s nerve to challenge it’s own war crimes, atrocities and complicity with apartheid in Israel due to threats from zionists against would be truth tellers.

    What pray tell, mr President would the reaction in AIPAC be if as a national leader you announced that zionist ambitions were behind the war on terror, massacres in Gaza and Afghanistan and in the incessant war cries against Iran and behind the emasculation and pacification of our entire nations journalists and editors? Well? Would zionist AIPAC and Israeli Mossad, shin Bet and the IOF shame you, punish you and create the circumstances beyond which your carreer was ended? Free speech is steeply curtailed in our American newsrooms dear Mr President and while Netenyahu seemed civil, sane and servicable as a spokesman for Israel at the UN, his assertions as to Israel fairness and justice is not only laughable but reflects lies spouted in every US media branch which facilitates a false conception of Israel by deception, which is free speech for liars and threats of death and disenfranchisment for truth tellers in these United States, which is far from actual free speech ,sir.

    California , Pennsylvania, Philly and Hollywood, Watts and the Northeast ghettos, all American places with free speech guarantored by our constitution and yet have you ever heard the LA times or Philly Inquirer report that Israel has nuclear weapons whose components were stolen bt Jewish smugglers among which was Netenyahu Shapiro, Kissinger, Leiberman and even Dick Cheney? Poor people in Watts and Northeast philly know all about this theft of weapons of mass destruction by people whose shrinks committed suicide because of Bibi’s dangerous recklessness to his people but readers of major newpapers dont know that Israel massacred thousands of innocent kids in Palestine because Senator Casey and Senator Spector slammed their fucking doors in the face of the truth as I told it to them. That isnt free speech Mr President If AIPAC walks wherever it will and sells snake oil to out nations reps and is free to write legislation sponsoring the Israel apartheid states genocidal urges and ethnic cleansing and I cant even get a crack to expose their lies as such, you speech about free speech is dead, like the nation overtaken by philosophist zionist which hates Jesus guts on your administrations dime, BARRY. Talk is cheap, free speech means that if Palestinians are getting massacred it will be NEWS at FOX, NPR and In the Senate and Congress’ floors of oration, not shoved out of sight because recklessly selfish and rich Jews dont like the truth. Free speech for muslims means we muslims can walk into the Hart building and tell our senator that Israel is massacreing little kids in their beds, schools and farms.

    • DefineYourTerms
      September 30, 2012 at 9:54 am

      Don’t even play that game homeslice.

      Words have meanings zionist isn’t hebrew isn’t jew.

  2. September 28, 2012 at 12:19 pm

    One wonder, Obama, the so-called “Champion of Free Speech” – feels itch in his lower part every time Iranian, Venzuelan or Lebanese leaders criticize Israel, Zionism or the myth of SIX MILLION DIED?

    Ray McGovern 71, former CIA analyst for 27 years – staged a ‘silent protest’ during the Israel-Firster Hillary Clinton’s talk on the importance of freedom of speech in the internet age at George Washington University on February 15, 2011. Ray was left ‘bruised and bloodied’ after being violently dragged out of the hall while hypocrite Zionist Hillary Clinton was lecturing governments in the Middle East, especially the Islamic Republic, on how people should be allowed to protest in peace without fear of threat or violence. She also condemned governments who arrest protesters and do not allow free expression.


  3. September 28, 2012 at 6:09 pm

    This Zionazi idiot reminds me Chief Rabbi of British Palestine – who in order to get the support of Orthodox rabbis for the Zionist filth – told them to consider Zionism as biblical “donkey” on whose back the promised Jewish Messiah will enter Jerusalem.


  4. bobzz
    September 29, 2012 at 12:09 am

    Couple of things: 1) freedom of speech is one thing; slander is another. As I understand it, the film was not done to analyze a situation, and then speak out against abuses. It was a slander with intent to provoke the reaction that it did. The film did not even qualify as an unbalanced, emotional rant. One of the actresses, actors excuse me, is litigating for misleading her about the content of the film. I am in the minority here, but no, this was slander, and subject to legal action, in my opinion. 2) It is great for Obama to talk about freedom of speech. I would like to see the same for Bradley Manning, Julian Assange, and others like Thomas Drake and the man that turned in all the tax cheats (I am having a senior moment; was it Bradley Birkenfeld?) that sent money to the UBS bank to avoid taxes—many directed by the former senator from Teggzis, Phil Gramm. These and others have spoken the truth about serious matters. How about freedom of speech for them?

  5. Terry Washington
    September 29, 2012 at 2:56 am

    WHY do we give Holocaust denying loons like Rehmat space on this board???
    (BTW Rehmat if you’re reading this I’m Roman Catholic NOT Jewish or Israeli!)


  6. incontinent reader
    September 29, 2012 at 7:00 am

    The hypocrisy of Obama’s statement is in sharp relief to his Administration’s treatment of Assange as an “enemy of the state” and his prosecution policy for whistleblowers.

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