Placing Blame for Gun Massacres

After each gun-related massacre, the U.S. news media waves its collective finger at politicians for permitting today’s insane tolerance of gun violence, but the media lacks the courage to call out specific individuals who bear most responsibility. One of those people is the NRA’s Wayne LaPierre, says Peter Dreier.

By Peter Dreier

The Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence has a 62-page list of mass shootings in America since 2005. It is Wayne LaPierre’s resume. For the past 21 years, LaPierre has been the National Rifle Association’s executive Vice President and chief political strategist.

It is tempting to say that these shootings — including the most recent one at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, on Friday — reflect something basically wrong with American culture or the nation’s very soul. But the majority of Americans favor strict gun control laws. No, let’s not burden Americans with collective guilt. The problem is more narrow — and more fixable — than that.

Wayne LaPierre of the National Rifle Association, speaking to the Conservative Political Action Conference in 2011. (Photo credit: Gage Skidmore)

The long list of killings is due in large measure to the political influence of the NRA — and the campaign finance system that allows the gun lobby to exercise so much power. But an outraged and mobilized public can beat the NRA’s influence and pressure Congress to put strong limits on gun sales.

The blood of the 26 victims of the Connecticut shooting, including 20 young children, is on LaPierre’s hands. Of course, LaPierre didn’t pull the trigger, but he’s the NRA’s hit man when it comes to intimidating elected officials to oppose any kind of gun control and the nation’s most vocal advocate of gun owner rights.

There should be special place in hell reserved for LaPierre. He likes to fulminate about gun owners’ rights. But so far he’s has been silent on the nation’s most recent gun massacre.

Although LaPierre likes to portray the NRA as representing grassroots gun owners, the bulk of its money comes from gun manufacturers.  LaPierre is a corporate lobbyist and his clients are corporations whose profits grow when there are few restrictions on the sale and ownership of guns and ammunition.  He does not speak for America’s gun owners. In fact, a majority of gun owners support stricter gun laws.

The NRA not only lobbies on behalf of “stand your ground” laws, but also offers insurance to members to pay for the legal costs of shooting people in “self-defense.” The NRA also defends the right of Americans to carry concealed weapons, including handguns.

Adam Lanza — the 20-year old man who walked into the Connecticut school with two firearms (a Glock and a Sig Saurer) and had another gun (a 223 Bushmaster) in his car – is no doubt deranged. He’s not alone. There are lots of crazy people around. But if we make it easy for them to obtain guns, they are more likely to translate their psychological problems into dangerous and deadly anti-social behavior.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, in 2011, there were 15,953 murders in the United States and 11,101 (30 a day) were caused by firearms. Suicides and unintentional shootings account for another 20,000 deaths by guns each year. Of course, many more people are injured — some seriously, and permanently — by gun violence.

Most gun-related deaths are committed by people who purchase their weapons legally. Others purchase or steal them illegally, but their ability to get access to guns is due to our lax laws on gun ownership.  LaPierre’s job is to make it easier for people to buy and use guns. And so far he’s been very successful.  Since the 1994 assault-weapon ban expired in 2004, Congress hasn’t enacted any major gun regulations.

It is no accident that the United States ranks first in the world — by a wide margin — in gun-related civilian deaths and injuries. Compared with every other democracy, we have the most guns and the weakest gun laws.

The shooting in the Connecticut school was not an isolated incident. We’ve almost become used to a regular diet of gun-toting rampages. The most visible of them — like Columbine, the Virginia Tech killings,  the murders in the Aurora, Colorado, movie theater, and the Arizona shooting that nearly claimed the life of former Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and left six others dead   — stick in our minds, but there are many others. Even more Americans are killed each year in one-on-one shootings.

The NRA has two knee-jerk responses to this. The first is that the Second Amendment gives all Americans the right to possess guns of all kinds — not just hunting rifles but machine guns and semi-automatics. Efforts to restrict gun sales and ownership is, according to the NRA, an assault on our constitutional freedoms. The second is the cliché that “guns don’t kill people, people kill people.”

Both of these arguments are bogus, but the NRA has the money and membership (4 million) to translate these idiot ideas into political clout to thwart even reasonable gun-control laws. To the NRA, gun laws have nothing to do with the epidemic of gun-related killings.

Even in countries with strong gun-control laws, some people will get their hands on a weapon and destroy others’ lives. The tragic killing in Norway last year is testament to this reality. (Although let’s recall that Anders Breivik bought $550 worth of 30-round ammunition clips from an American gun supplier for the rifle he used to kill 69 Norwegian kids at a summer camp. Thanks to American laws, it was a legal online purchase.)

But the shooting in Norway was an infrequent occurrence; it is, in fact, one of the safest countries in the world. In contrast, the U.S. is off the charts in terms of murder rates. In other well-off democratic countries, gun violence is rare and shocking.

According to the recent comparative figures, the U.S. had five murders for every 100,000 inhabitants. Finland was next with only 2.3 murders per 100,000 residents, followed by Canada (1.8), Belgium (1.7), France (1.3), England and Australia (both 1.2), Netherlands (1.1), Sweden (1.0), Germany (0.8), Norway (0.6) and Japan and Austria (both 0.5). In other words, America’s murder rate is more than eight times greater than Norway’s.

The news media will spend an inordinate amount of effort trying to figure out what was in Lanza’s head before he put on his protective gear, carried two guns into the school, and began his shooting rampage. Although the psychology and motives of the murderer may be fascinating, it should not be the major focus. There are plenty of deranged people in the world, but in most well-off countries they can’t easily get their hands on a firearm.

The U.S. has more guns per capita than any other well-off democratic country. But the danger isn’t simply the number of guns; it is the type of guns we allow people to legally purchase. Other countries permit hunting rifles. But many Americans believe it is their right to own an assault weapon.

Here’s where the NRA comes in. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, since 1990, the gun rights lobby, led by the NRA, has contributed $29.2 million to candidates for Congress and the White House, 87 percent of it to Republicans. In the most recent election cycle, gun rights groups donated $3.1 million to political candidates and spent another $5.5 million in lobbying.

In contrast, since 1990 the gun control lobby has donated only $1.9 million to politicians, 94 percent to Democrats.  In the most recent election cycle, these groups contributed only $4,000 to candidates and spent only $420,00 on lobbying.

Of course, Democrats are not immune from the NRA’s influence. This summer, 17 House Democrats recently voted in favor of criminal contempt for Attorney General Eric Holder for his oversight of Operation Fast and Furious. Not surprisingly, each of them received campaign contributions from the NRA in the previous two election cycles.

[Editor: There was a right-wing conspiracy theory that the Obama administration intentionally bungled the Fast and Furious undercover operation, which allowed some guns to reach Mexican drug cartels, to create the pretext for new gun-control laws.]

At the top of the gun-rights food-chain is the NRA’s Wayne LaPierre. It is hard to know if he’s mentally unstable but he’s certainly crazy like a fox (and Fox News). Under LaPierre’s leadership, the NRA has aligned itself with the most reactionary forces in American politics, including the Tea Party, the Koch brothers, and the American Legislative Exchange Council. For example, For example, LaPierre gave a speech earlier this year to the Conservative Political Action Conference in Washington in which he said that President Obama was part of a “conspiracy to ensure re-election by lulling gun owners to sleep.”

LaPierre added: “All that first term, lip service to gun owners is just part of a massive Obama conspiracy to deceive voters and hide his true intentions to destroy the Second Amendment during his second term.” He also warned that everything that “gun owners across America have fought to achieve over the past three decades could be lost” if Obama won a second term.

Well, Obama did win a second term. In a statement soon after the Connecticut massacre, Obama called for “meaningful action” to curb gun violence.  “Meaningful action” does not mean educating young people about bullying and violence. It does not mean instructing gun owners to be more responsible.  It does not mean, as Mike Huckabee suggested on Friday, restoring God in our schools.  It means pushing for strong gun control laws.

If Obama does take this kind of leadership, he will have the support of an overwhelming proportion of Americans who support stricter guns laws.  For example, 82 percent of Americans support limiting the sales of military-style assault weapons.  Also, 87 percent of Americans support background checks on private sales of guns, including sales at gun shows.  And 79 percent support requiring a police permit before the purchase of a gun. Almost all (94 percent) police chiefs favor requiring criminal background checks for all handgun sales.

Every American grieves for the families and friends of the people killed and injured in the Connecticut shooting.  But until we tame the power of the NRA, we can expect more killings like this, as well as the deadly daily diet of murders throughout America committed by angry and in some cases crazy gun-toting people whose “freedom” to own weapons of mass destruction LaPierre defends.

Peter Dreier is professor of politics at Occidental College. His new book, The 100 Greatest Americans of the 20th Century: A Social Justice Hall of Fame, was published  by Nation Books in July.

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19 comments on “Placing Blame for Gun Massacres

  1. Movies, music, and television, these elites are also the world’s most active promoters of antisocial behavior, including gun-violence.

  2. Are we sure it’s the guns? We’ve had rapid-fire weapons for about 150 years. And while, during that time, some people killed a lot of other people (Billy the Kid was said to have killed 21), mass murder was all but unknown. Outside of war, people killed for reasons, one or two at a time instead of killing a mass of strangers for no reason, for madness. Even the one mass murder we remember from the past, the St Valentine’s Day Massacre, 1929 murder of seven mob associates, wasn’t as mass murder so much as a war between two criminal gangs for money.

    After WWII, mass murders became more and more frequent. What was different about this time period? Not the guns. During the 20s submachine guns were legal but there was no epidemic of mass murders. What was different was the development of psychoactive drugs, especially antidepressants. A few people have a paradoxical reaction to such drugs, especially SSRI drugs, and instead of their depression knocking them down, the drug allows (or motivates) them to commit mass crimes of violence. People who have taken these drugs have reported such feelings, but the pharmaceutical companies have blocked any study or acknowledgement of this effect. Big Pharma has such power and makes such money from these drugs, (as many as 1 in 10 Americans are said to take them) that they prefer a few mass murders to these drugs being taken off the market. Power.

    At the very least this link between psychoactive drugs and mass murders needs to be studied, not swept under the rug again.

    Antidepressants and Violence: Problems at the Interface of Medicine and Law (http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.0030372

    Mass Violence caused by Anti-depressants and SSRI drugs http://medicalwhistleblower.blogspot.com/2011/09/mass-violence-caused-by-anti.html

  3. I suggest Dr. Peter Dreir should try his hand on writing the “Great American Warriors”.

    The great majority of the 44 American Presidents have been involved in wars and regime change without declaring wars or being threatened by its victims. However, since Eisenhower to Obama, the American targets have mostly been Muslim countries. In 1953, Iran’s elected prime minister Dr. Mohammad Mosaddegh was removed from power by US-Britain-Israel ‘axis of evil’. Now the same powers are trying their best to bring another regime change in Tehran by toppling Ahmadinejad’s elected government.

    Just to name a few of the “American Warriors”:

    In April 1980, President Jimmy Carter sent eight US military helicopters (Operation Eagle Claw) to Iran to attack US embassy in Tehran and rescue 52 American staffers held inside the building by Iranian students for spying against Iranian interests. The ‘rescue mission’ was aborted on April 24, 1980 in a dessert 200 miles south of Tehran – leaving bodies of eight US soldiers behind which, later, Tehran sent back to the US for proper burials.

    In 1982, President Ronald Reagan sent 600 Marines to Lebanon to protect Israeli interests. On October 23, 1983, Israelis carried a bombing operation at US Marine barracks at Beirut Internation Airport – killing 241 Marines, mostly aseleep. A few minutes later, a similar explosion blew up a French military barrack – killing 56 French soldiers. The purpose of the operation was to trigger US invasion of Lebanon.

    In 1986, President Ronald Reagan sent 66 US jets to bomb Tripoli and Benghazi. The jets flew from British military bases and killed 100 civilians including one of Qaddafi’s adopted young daughter. Reagan supported his decision by saying: “When our citizens are attacked or abused anywhere in the world on the direct orders of hostile regimes, we will respond so long as I’m in this office.” Reagan was referring to the Berlin Dico bombing, which according to German TV, was a CIA-Mossad operation.

    On January 16, 1991 – Israel-Firster President George Bush Sr. ordered the invasion of Iraq (Operation Desert Storm) to topple Saddam Hussein, a western poodle who failed to destroy the Islamic regime in Tehran during 8-year Iraq-Iran War. Bush told his brainwashed American subjects: “Just 2 hours ago, allied air forces began an attack on military targets in Iraq and Kuwait. These attacks continue as I speak. Ground forces are not engaged”…..

    http://rehmat1.com/2011/03/24/americas-war-presidents/

  4. Steve Schnapp on said:

    Peter is so right to name the NRA as a major contributor to gun violence in the US. We also need to add that solving problems through violence: murder and war, is as old as civilization. It has been brought to its ultimate modern expression by US triumphalism. Remember how Michael Moore captured this in “Bowling for Columbine”? . Not to mention that we are the only nation to have ever used a nuclear weapon on people. And we did it twice.

  5. MARTOMUSA on said:

    This VERY BIASED article fails miserably.
    No consideration is taken of the fact that the person(s) who perpetrated mass killings were simply insane.
    Such article is none than the usual way to take away the right of self-defense, which is an agenda on the part of the american LEFT, commonly known as the Democrats, whom, actually, should be called now COMMUNIST.
    Part of their agenda is to disarm the people because a population disarmed can be controlled very easily and I can see, from what is happening, that we are getting closer and closer to a dictatorship.
    I find absolutely fantastic to have seen this Country fight Communism for a long period of time to find a marxist-leninist president sitting in the White House.
    But one of the causes of what’s happening around us is the complete break-up of the basic principles of a decent society starting from the family.
    No decency, no respect; everybody speaks of rights but none of duties.
    And I believe this break-up is a planned one. I believe that those those at the top who hold the economy of this Country in their hands want to reduce us to a population of illiterates who can be controlled.The politicians, starting from the president(s) are just a bunch of patsies in the pocket of big interests. The standards of education have been reduced to a moronic level, the parents are forced to both work and the children are growing by themselves.
    Certain companies create just types of entertainment detrimental to the minds of our children and there are numerous instances which show clearly the plan.
    Additionally, the decadence in which the U.S. has fallen has eroded the foundations on which it was built and the Constitution has been WILFULLY reduced to just a piece of toilet paper.
    If the people do not raise up and return this Country to the principle of the Constitution, the destruction will become total in just a few years.
    The majority of the US population does not see the above mentioned agenda but when reality will hit in their faces, it will be too late.
    What a shameful pity!

    • cộng đồng on said:

      Although Communists are on the LEFT, not all of the LEFT is communist – a basic distinction which it appears you are not capable of comprehending – for shame, and you an advocate of bettering education!

      • RHEA CHERRITH on said:

        cong dong you beter do your home work Fred Koch was natzi infiltrater and so were the the Bush crime family.. FRED WAS TOLD BY FDR HE COULD NOT LONGER DO BUISNESS, FRED WENT TO RUSSIA AND DID DO OIL BUISNESS THERE. BOTH FRED AND JOHN BIRCH STARTED A SECRET SOCITEY ALONG WITH PRESCOTT BUSH HITLERS SPY AND WAS IN BUISNESS SELLING SECRETS. THE NATZI INFILTRATER FDR AND TYCOO. WERE THE BANKSTERS AND OIL CORS THAT CRASHED THE BANKS AND STATED THE GREAT DEPRESSION. OH BY THE WAY OBAMA IS DEMOCRATE AS BUSHES ARE REPUBLICAINS OBAMA AND BUSH AND CHENEY ARE 9TH COUSINS. GWB 2ND COUSIN TO CHENEY. STOP BULLSHITTING REPUBLICAINS ARE DESTOYING AMERICA WHILE STEALING FOR THE RICH.

      • RHEA CHERRITH on said:

        NRA/ KOCH AND HIS ORG CALLED ALEC ARE INCOHOOTS WITH EAH OTHER!

  6. Bill Medellin on said:

    The NRA slogan, “guns don’t kill people, people kill people”…the glaring fact is that “guns, assault rifles and magazines with a extreme number of bullets, facilitate the killing of people…and many of them at a time. I wonder how many NRA members are now looking at their children and grandchildren…I wonder how many in the NRA hierarchy are doing the same.

  7. What does it say about American society that so many people feel a need to have guns to defend themselves? And, what does it say of our elected officials in Congress that they gave Netanyahu 29 standing ovations after Operation Cast Lead that killed hundreds of Palestinian children? And, how about the countless children who were shocked and awed to death in Iraq and those yet to die from the cluster bombs and depleted uranium we have scattered in Iraq? While we are keeping score, let’s not forget the estimated half million children who died because of US-inspired and US-maintained sanctions that Madeline Albright thought was worth it.

  8. William Brad Hoffmann on said:

    Nobody is addressing the prescription drugs, that are generously given by doctors/pharma companies for every ache, pain, feeling depressed or any other quote “disorder” that is probably a result of MSM programming.

    These events are too abnormal for a healthy drug free person !

  9. The NRA has nothing to due with criminal activity, to state this is purely foolish. If a member of the staff had a concealed weapon the (26) twenty six deaths would be more like (3) three. The same is true for any one of these mass killings within the schools, movies, cafes, etc… With stricter gun control, these numbers would rise and give the criminals confidence that none of the law abiding citizens can fire back. Guns are not allowed in schools presently, maybe that is why these wackos feel safe to attack them.

    • Peter Dreier on said:

      If Jason he thinks that a teacher carry a weapon would have prevented the Newtown killings, he’s as crazy as Adam Lanza. Fortunately, people with Jason’s views represent a tiny, tiny minority of Americans. He is probably on the NRA payroll trolling the Internet to make these outrageous comments.

  10. Philip Feeley on said:

    People should get and wear T-shirts and buttons that say: “Guns kill people. Yes they do.” Wear them to the NRA conventions, to the gun shows. Then campaign to get rid of the pro-gun nuts in Congress. It’s a long battle for gun control, but somebody has to start doing it. Ideally, a whole lot of somebodies.

  11. Shopping malls have armed security, why don’t schools and Universities? An armed guard could have stopped this and KNOWING the school had armed security would have deterred the shooter. It’s also worth noting that once again we see the police were of no help at all- they failed completely to prevent even one of the fatalities- so yes indeed, people feel they need to arm themselves.

  12. Spurwing Plover on said:

    This is the results of violent music videos and a break down of the amercan family values and all started with the infamous separation of church and state back in 1963

  13. I want to see Wayne LaPierre get up in front of the parents who lost children in the Connecticut massacre and give them a stern lecture on the sanctity of HIS rights.

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