G20: Last Waltz in a World Torn Apart

Ahead of the G20 summit in New Delhi this weekend, M.K. Bhadrakumar says an event conceived in the world of yesterday, before the new cold war came roaring in, has lost significance.

India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi with U.S. President Joe Biden at the White House in June. (Ministry of External Affairs Photo Gallery, Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

By  M.K. Bhadrakumar
Indian Punchline

India’s Modi government is not perplexed by the decisions of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping not to attend the G20 Summit in New Delhi on Sept. 9-10. Its intuitive cognition helps to be stoical. This is, arguably, a Shakespearean predicament:

“I am in blood / Stepped in so far, that, should I wade no more, / Returning were as tedious as go o’er.”

India’s high-calibre diplomats would have divined some time ago that an event conceived in the world of yesterday, before the new cold war came roaring in, wouldn’t have the same scale and significance today.  

Yet, Delhi must feel disappointed, as the compulsions of Putin or Xi Jinping have nothing to do with their countries’ relations with India. The government has given a bureaucratic spin, saying: “The level of attendance at global summits varies from year to year. In today’s world with so many demands on the leaders’ time, it is not always possible for every leader to attend every summit.” 

That said, the Delhi administration is sprucing up the city, removing the slums from public view, adding new alluring hoardings to catch the eye of the foreign dignitaries and even lining flower pots along the roads their motorcades pass. 

Indonesian President Joko Widodo, left, symbolically handing over the G20 presidency to Modi in November 2022. (Ministry of External Affairs Photo Gallery, Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

One doesn’t have to be a rocket scientist to figure out that the common thread in the decisions taken in Moscow and Beijing is that their leaderships are not in the least interested in any interaction with U.S. President Joe Biden who will be camping in Delhi for four days with all the time at his disposal for some structured meetings, at the very least, some “pull asides” and the like at a minimum that could be caught on camera. 

Biden’s considerations are political: anything that helps to distract attention from the gathering storm in U.S. politics which is threatening to culminate in his impeachment that might in turn blight his candidacy in the 2024 election. 

Of course, this not Biden’s Lyndon Johnson moment. Johnson made the tumultuous decision in March 1968 to retire from politics as a strong step toward healing the nation’s fissures, while agonising deeply that “There is division in the American house now.” 

Biden Was Setting a Bear Trap

But Biden is anything but a visionary. He was setting up a bear trap for Putin to reinforce his false narrative that if only the latter dismounted from his high horse, the Ukraine war would end overnight.

For its part, the Kremlin is well aware that the White House continues to be the strongest proponent of the thesis that a prolonged war would weaken Russia. Indeed, Biden has gone to extraordinary extents that none of his predecessors ever dared to reach — aiding and abetting Ukrainian terrorist attacks deep inside Russia. 

In a way, Xi Jinping also faces a trap, as the Biden administration is going to great lengths to project itself as conciliatory toward China, as the beeline of U.S. officials heading for Beijing recently would testify — Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken in June; Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen and Climate Envoy John Kerry in July; and Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo in August. 

The New York Times on Tuesday carried a report headlined “U.S. Officials Are Streaming to China. Will Beijing Return the Favor?” It chastised Beijing: 

“China has much to gain from dispatching officials to the United States. It would signal to the world it was making an effort to ease tensions with Washington, particularly at a time when China needs to bolster confidence in its shaky economy. A visit could also help lay the groundwork for a potential, highly anticipated meeting between President Biden and China’s top leader, Xi Jinping, at a forum in San Francisco in November. 

“Beijing, however, has been noncommittal.”

The point is, all this while, Washington has also been incessantly taunting and provoking Beijing with belligerence and through calculated means to weaken China’s economy and incite Taiwan and the ASEAN countries to line up as the U.S.’ Indo-Pacific allies, apart from vilifying China. 

Master of Doublespeak 

Dec. 7, 2021: Biden, on screen during video call with Putin. (Kremlin.ru, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 4.0,)

Both Putin and Xi have learnt the hard way that Biden is a past master in doublespeak, saying one thing behind closed doors and acting entirely to the contrary, often being rude and offensive at a personal level in unprecedented display of boorish public diplomacy. 

Of course, the symbolism of U.S.-Russian “reconciliation” on Indian soil, howsoever contrived, can only work to Washington’s advantage to pull Prime Minister Narendra Modi away from India’s hugely consequential strategic partnership with Russia at a juncture when the West’s entreaties over Ukraine failed to get resonance in the Global South. 

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As it is, India’s misconceived participation in the recent “peace talks” in Jeddah (which was actually the brainwave of the U.S. National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan) created misperceptions that the Modi government “will be part of the implementation of the 10-point peace formula proposed by Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and the details are being discussed.” 

Both Moscow and Beijing will be extremely wary of the Biden administration’s booby traps aimed at creating misunderstanding in their mutual relationships and create misperceptions about the stability of the Russian-Chinese strategic relationship at a critical juncture when Putin is preparing to visit Beijing. 

Putin’s possible visit to China in October can be considered a response to Xi’s March visit to Moscow, but it has a substantial content as evident from Beijing’s invitation to him to be the main speaker at the third Belt and Road Forum marking the 10th anniversary of the appearance of BRI in Chinese foreign policies. 

 Xi Jinping with Putin in Moscow on March 20. (Sergei Karpukhin, TASS)

Although in 2015 Putin and Xi signed a joint statement on cooperation on “linking the construction of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Silk Road Economic Belt”, so far Moscow’s support to BRI has been more of a declaratory character falling short of accession to it. The Chinese side, when it is convenient, mentions Russia as a Belt and Road country, while Moscow simply adheres to the previous formulations. 

This may change with Putin’s visit in October, and if so, it could be a historic game changer for the dynamics of the Sino-Russian partnership and for the flow of international politics as a whole. 

Indian diplomats hope to produce a joint document that papers over the contradictions, which are not only over Ukraine but also climate change, the debt obligations of emerging markets, the Sustainable Development Goals, digital transformation, energy and food security, and so on. The confrontational line of the collective West poses a major obstacle. 

The G20 foreign ministers may have trouble adopting a joint declaration, as Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, who will be representing Russia at the gathering, has warned. Putin and Xi probably do not expect any breakthrough solutions from the G20 summit.

The strong likelihood is that the Delhi event this weekend may turn out to be the last waltz of its kind between the cowboys of the Western world and the increasingly restless Global South. The revival of the anti-colonial struggle in Africa is ominous. Quite obviously, Russia and China are putting their eggs in the BRICS basket. 

M.K. Bhadrakumar is a former diplomat. He was India’s ambassador to Uzbekistan and Turkey. Views are personal.

This article is from Indian Punchline.

The views expressed are solely those of the author and may or may not reflect those of Consortium News.

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4 comments for “G20: Last Waltz in a World Torn Apart

  1. Joseph Tracy
    September 7, 2023 at 22:19

    Not particular to this article, but I want to make a general observation that the increasingly common reference to ‘ the new cold war’ ( which only appears here in the subtitle) really sticks in my craw. There is nothing cold about what is happening in Ukraine, and cluster bombs and depleted uranium have introduced new war crimes as deadly to civilians as soldiers. The preparations in southeast asia are anything but cold and the killing in Africa could not be more scorching. The last cold war was not cold either. Millions died in Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, El Salvador, Chile, Cambodia and many many other places.. I don’t get the point of this euphemistic language.

    • Consortiumnews.com
      September 7, 2023 at 23:57

      It generally means there is no hot war directly between the nuclear powers but through proxies instead, the case in both the original and current cold wars.

  2. CaseyG
    September 6, 2023 at 18:38

    sigh— And yes, John Puma:
    I agree with what you wrote .Blinken is bad enough as is Nuland—-but, sadly I have come to see Joe Biden as the man with no brain. Together those 3 make up a 21st century version of the 3 stooges. : (

    However, no nation lasts forever—in fact they seem to recycle over the centuries—-I am impressed with China, a nation that recreated a middle class so quickly. : )

  3. John Puma
    September 6, 2023 at 12:40

    Re: “Both Moscow and Beijing will be extremely wary of the Biden administration’s booby traps aimed at creating misunderstanding in their mutual relationships and create misperceptions about the stability of the Russian-Chinese strategic relationship … ”

    Biden hardly needs to bother to set said booby traps to create misunderstandings and misperceptions between and about Moscow and Beijing. The New York Times and its sidekick, the Washington Post, valiantly and continuously carry on the onslaught of monumental mendacity in badly-needed support of an increasingly fragile empire and its so-appropriately bumbling, if vicious, chief whose every move seems to efficiently accelerate the collapse of the system in his charge.

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