Justifying the Saudi Slaughter in Yemen

Exclusive: Official Washington insists Iran is the main Mideast troublemaker when clearly that isn’t true, but the “group think” explains why a few intercepted arms shipments to Somalia where linked to Iran and Yemen, reports Gareth Porter.

By Gareth Porter

The Obama administration has carried out a deliberately deceptive campaign accusing Iran of covertly sending arms to the Houthis by sea, a claim that Washington cites to help justify the Saudi massive air attack against the Houthis that began last year.

By repeating the accusation over and over, the administration has been largely successful in turning a dubious allegation into accepted fact, even though it is contradicted by evidence that is well-documented on the public record.

Saudi King Salman bids farewell to President Barack Obama at Erga Palace after a state visit to Saudi Arabia on Jan. 27, 2015. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)

Saudi King Salman bids farewell to President Barack Obama at Erga Palace after a state visit to Saudi Arabia on Jan. 27, 2015. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)

Secretary of State John Kerry introduced the new variant of the Obama administration’s familiar theme about Iran’s “nefarious activities” in the region two weeks after Saudi Arabia began its bombing in Yemen on March 26, 2015. Kerry told the PBS NewsHour, “There are obviously supplies that have been coming from Iran,” citing “a number of flights every single week that have been flying in.” Kerry vowed that the United States was “not going to stand by while the region is destabilized.”

Later, the administration began accusing Iran of using fishing boats to smuggle arms to the Houthis. The campaign unfolded in a series of four interceptions of small fishing boats or dhows in or near the Arabian Sea from September 2015 through March 2016. The four interceptions had two things in common: the boats did have illicit weapons alright, but the crews always said the ship was bound for Somalia – not Yemen and the Houthis.

But instead of acknowledging the obvious fact that the weapons were not related to the Iran-Houthi relationship, a U.S. military spokesman put out a statement in all four cases citing a U.S. “assessment” that the ultimate destination of the arms was Houthi-controlled territory in Yemen.

The choice of wording was significant. The intelligence community says that it “assesses” that something is true only when it does not have clear-cut proof on the matter. In the case of the alleged Iranian use of fishing dhows to smuggle arms to the Houthis, the U.S. spokesmen did not cite a single piece of evidence for that “assessment” in any of the four cases. In fact, when asked for some justification for it, the military spokesman refused.

The first fishing dhow was intercepted in the Arabian Sea on Sept. 25, 2015, by a member of a 31-nation coalition called the Combined Maritime Forces patrolling the Arabian Sea and nearby waters for piracy. The coalition ship found the dhow to be carrying 18 Konkurs anti-tank missiles, 71 other anti-tank shells and 54 missile-launchers.

Blaming Iran

The U.S. Navy’s Fifth Fleet later issued a statement that said, “Based on statements from the dhow’s crew the port of origin of the dhow and its illicit weapons cache is believed to be Iran.” It also said the anti-tank missiles were thought to be of Iranian and Russian origin, and that the papers on the ship had indicated that it had been checked by ports and customs officials in Iran’s Sistan and Baluchistan province.

 Hassan Rouhani, President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, addresses the general debate of the General Assembly’s seventy-first session. 22 September 2016 (UN Photo)

Hassan Rouhani, President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, addresses the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 22, 2016 (UN Photo)

But the crew of the vessel had said that it was bound not for Yemen but for Somalia, as the spokesman for the U.S. Fifth Fleet acknowledged to The Associated Press. A Saudi military spokesman suggested that Iran intended to reroute the arms later from Somalia to Yemen, but offered no evidence.

On Feb. 27, 2016, an Australian ship intercepted a second fishing dhow off the coast of Oman. The Australians found 1,989 AK-47 assault rifles, 100 rocket-propelled grenades and 40 PKM machine guns on board. The Australian Defense Force issued an official statement on the seizure that did not mention Iranian involvement. It said the boat appeared to be “stateless” and that its cache of weapons was “destined for Somalia.” The Australian Defense Force spokesman explained to CNN that the conclusion was based on interviews with crew members.

But a spokesman for U.S. Naval Forces, Central Command, Lt. Ian McConnaughey gave an entirely different political slant to the interception. In an e-mail to NBC News, McConnaughey said. “Based on the dhow’s course, Iran is believed to be its port of origin and the source of the illicit weapon,” he said. McConnaughey said the crew was “assessed” to be Iranian – implying that the crew itself had not indicated that.

McConnaughey acknowledged to NBC and The Telegraph, “According to coalition forces it is believed that the vessel’s destination was in the vicinity of Somalia.” But the CENTCOM spokesman indicated that it didn’t matter; the U.S. was insisting on its narrative about covert Iranian arms to the Houthis.

“[T]he initial U.S. assessment is the weapons’ final destination was likely to be the Houthis in Yemen,” McConnaaughey told NBC and The Telegraph.

When this writer asked McConnaughey by e-mail why the U.S. “assessed” that the weapons were intended for Yemen, despite the evidence to the contrary, he responded, “We are not going to discuss the intelligence and other information that led us to our assessment.”

A Third Shipment

On March 20, a French navy destroyer intercepted a third fishing dhow off the Island of Socotra in the northern Indian Ocean and found several hundred AK-47 assault rifles, machine guns and antitank weapons. The official statement on the seizure from the Combined Maritime Forces stated categorically, “The dhow was spotted heading toward Somalia.” map-yemen

And because the weapons were “deemed to be destined for Somalia,” it explained, they “were seized under the United Nations Security Council mandated arms embargo in accordance with UNSCR 2244(2015).” That Security Council resolution mandates an embargo on Eritrea.

Australia and other states participating in the Combined Maritime Forces were thus challenging the U.S. propaganda line. But again the U.S. military used the news media to reinforce the line about Iran smuggling arms to the Houthis. Commander Kevin Stephens, a spokesman for the Fifth Fleet, told CNN that “according to a U.S. assessment,” Yemen was the “likely destination” of the arms.

A fourth interception – the third in three weeks – occurred on March 28 by a U.S. Navy ship that was not operating as part of Combined Maritime Forces but directly under U.S. Naval Forces Central Command. That allowed the Naval Forces Central Command to issue its own news story on April 4.

In its lead paragraph, the report said the United States “assessed” that the shipment of illicit arms on board the dhow “originated in Iran and was likely bound for Houthi insurgents in Yemen.”

An Earlier Ruse

The Obama administration also had sought to promote the charge that Iranian was covertly sending weapons to the Houthis by sea more than two years earlier. In January 2013, the Yemen client government backed by the United States and Saudi Arabia had claimed that its forces had intercepted a ship with a large cargo of weaponry that came from Iran and was on its way to Yemen to deliver them to the Houthis.

A scene from PBS Frontline's "Yemen Under Siege."

A scene from PBS Frontline’s “Yemen Under Siege.”

The Obama administration supported that charge in briefings to journalists. After the Saudi air war against Yemen began in 2015, the U.S. pushed for a report by an experts group on sanctions against Iran that would give the charge credibility.

But the 2013 claim was soon exposed as a ruse. A Security Council Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea revealed in a June 2013 report that the crewmembers had told diplomats who interviewed them that ship’s cargo of diesel fuel was bound for Somalia, not Yemen. And, since the weapons were hidden under the diesel fuel tanks, the weapons could be accessed only after those tanks had been emptied, in other words after the ship docked in Somalia.

The monitoring group learned from authorities in the Puntland region of Somalia, where most of the smuggled weapons have entered the country, that this was a widely used method of smuggling arms into the country.

Furthermore, the monitoring group determined that the wide range of types of weapons on board the ship, which was intercepted in January 2013, as well as of their original sources indicated that the weapons cache had been assembled by arms merchants. Authorities in Puntland provided data to the monitoring group showing that most of the shipments of weapons into Puntland in the months before January 2013 had come from politically well-connected arms merchants in Yemen.

Some of the fishing boats that were intercepted with illicit arms on board in 2015-16 had Iranian owners. But the monitoring group report reveals that the real reason is the role of such Iranian fishing vessels in illegal fishing in Somali waters. The vast majority of the hundreds of fishing vessels involved in such illegal fishing networks were either Iranian or Yemeni. As many as 300 were believed to be Yemeni-owned, while Iranian-owned 180 of them.

The monitoring group said it was investigating unconfirmed reports that some of those illegal fishing vessels were also being used to carry out arms smuggling and that it had established “other connections between the illegal fishing networks and networks involved in the arms trade and connected to al-Shabaab in northeastern Somalia.”

But the Obama administration has no interest in the considerable evidence gathered by the monitoring group that provides a more credible explanation for the arms found on those four fishing dhows.

Such an explanation isn’t political useful, whereas the accusations of Iranian smuggling of arms to the Houthis fulfilled multiple political and bureaucratic interests, justifying Saudi Arabia’s bloody U.S.-backed air campaign over Yemen and endless Washington alarms about “Iranian aggression.”

Gareth Porter is an independent investigative journalist and winner of the 2012 Gellhorn Prize for journalism. He is the author of the newly published Manufactured Crisis: The Untold Story of the Iran Nuclear Scare.

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16 comments for “Justifying the Saudi Slaughter in Yemen

  1. Chris Chuba
    October 31, 2016 at 1:48 pm

    Here is a story that tried very hard to pin arms shipments on Iran. I am not saying that I believe them but they tried very, very hard.
    http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2016/10/27/Iranian-arms-shipments-to-Yemen-stopped-US.html

    “The arms seizures came after Iran in April 2015 tried to send a convoy of seven ships, guarded by two Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps vessels, to Yemen.

    Donegan said these were filled with coastal-defense cruise missiles, explosives and other weapons.”

  2. Fergus Hashimoto
    October 31, 2016 at 2:00 pm

    I find the author dwells excessively on US support for Sowdy aggression and gives short shrift to Sowdy motives.
    The new king of Sowdy Arabia and his crown prince lead an ultra-aggressive faction of the Sowdy ruling family. Consequently Sowdy Arabia has entered a hyper-terrorist phase in which it poses a greater threat to world peace than ever before.
    I think this is an issue that should be at least mentioned, if not actually elaborated on.

  3. W. R. Knight
    October 31, 2016 at 4:09 pm

    Kerry vows that the U.S. is “not going to stand by while the region is destabilized.”

    Of course not. We don’t allow others to destabilize regions of the world. That’s our prerogative.

    • Patricia P Tursi
      November 2, 2016 at 5:10 pm

      Nicely stated!

  4. Pablo Diablo
    October 31, 2016 at 4:53 pm

    And, who is the largest arms dealer in the world (by far)? The USA. Guess they don’t like the competition.

  5. October 31, 2016 at 6:06 pm

    Despite solid evidence, the u.s. continues to accuse Iran of arming the Houthis. We know the u.s. arms Saudi Arabia which targets civilians in Yemen. The Saudis also arm and finance terrorist groups who massacre civilians in Syria. The u.s. arms Israel, which murder Palestinians. When will the world charge the u.s. and their twins with genocide? When they are defeated, as were Nazi Germany and their allies. Hope I live to see the day

    • November 2, 2016 at 8:26 pm

      Well saying Tim Kaminski. USA living long lasting double standard: arming Saudis ruthless monarchs, they then arming its factions to destroy Syria. Later, USA go to Syria to fight ISIS which by the same toke, is the masterpiece of USA through its puppet gulf states governments.

  6. Bill Bodden
    October 31, 2016 at 7:38 pm

    The Obama administration has carried out a deliberately deceptive campaign accusing Iran of covertly sending arms to the Houthis by sea, a claim that Washington cites to help justify the Saudi massive air attack against the Houthis that began last year.

    Perhaps Obama is trying to distract people’s attention from the recent criticism of Obamacare.

  7. Bill Bodden
    October 31, 2016 at 7:47 pm

    Kerry told the PBS NewsHour, “There are obviously supplies that have been coming from Iran,” citing “a number of flights every single week that have been flying in.” Kerry vowed that the United States was “not going to stand by while the region is destabilized.”

    Hey, Mr. Kerry. The region was destabilized immediately after the United States and its British accomplice initiated the war on Iraq back in 2003 – that same war you voted for.

  8. Abe
    November 1, 2016 at 3:57 am

    Q: How do you know when John Kerry is lying?
    A: It’s obvious (and his lips are moving)

    March 30, 2014 – remarks at the United States Mission in Paris, France
    Kerry on Western-backed post-coup d’etat regime in Kiev:
    “The United States and the international community stand in firm support of Ukraine’s sovereignty and Ukraine’s territorial integrity. We will continue to support the people of Ukraine’s right to choose their own future […] They obviously in Ukraine are traveling a difficult democratic path towards the possibility of prosperity and peace”

    July 20, 2014 – interview on CNN’s State of the Union with Candy Crowley
    Kerry on responsibility for downing of MH17:
    “We know with confidence, with confidence, that the Ukrainians did not have such a system anywhere near the vicinity at that point in time, so it obviously points a very clear finger at the separatists”

    August 1, 2016 – news conference with Colombian Foreign Minister Maria Angela Holguin
    Kerry on Russian and Syrian airstrikes on al-Qaeda and ISIS forces in Syria:
    “It is critical, obviously, that Russia restrain both itself and the Assad regime from conducting offensive operations, just as it is our responsibility to get the opposition to refrain from engaging in those operations”

  9. Gregory Kruse
    November 1, 2016 at 9:50 am

    This is similar to the propaganda about how Hamas is terrorizing Israeli’s with rockets “raining down” on Israel. No mention is made about the hundreds of tons of bombs and missiles that were raining down on Gaza from Israel.

    • Tracy Baker
      November 4, 2016 at 2:16 am

      And Obama said that “No country should have to sit bye while another country was being bombed”
      His hypocrisy is boundless.
      I didn’t think I would despise anyone worse than Bush and Cheney, but then came Obama, Hillary and Kerry.
      And the American people believe that their country is the good guys spreading freedom and democracy all over the world.
      It’s one thing to be ignorant because of what the media reports, but it’s another thing that people take their word when they have access to the Internet and websites like this one and others.

  10. robert
    November 1, 2016 at 11:09 am

    There is no use digging for the truth and complaining that Hilary, Kerry and their ilk don’t serve the truth. They arent bound to the truth. They create their own truth. They revise the truth as exampled in this article as need be. Their goal is to retain power. I think its useful for ones own sanity and perhaps other reasons to evaluate and ferret out the liars and the truth.

  11. David G
    November 1, 2016 at 8:02 pm

    In this and many other pieces, Gareth Porter shows he is in a league of his own with his reporting and associated crystal-clear analysis. I always welcome seeing his by-line at Consortiumnews.com.

  12. Patricia P Tursi
    November 2, 2016 at 5:12 pm

    The US is the world’s largest and worse terrorist. It is bombing in 7 countries and military installations in over half of the world’s countries. WHY?

Comments are closed.