Recalling the Slaughter of Innocents

From the Archive: The quarter-century anniversary of an early U.S. war crime in Iraq passed largely unnoticed this week, the bombing of a civilian air-raid shelter in Baghdad during President George H.W. Bush’s Persian Gulf War, an atrocity that killed more than 400 women and children, as Ray McGovern recalled in 2011.

By Ray McGovern (Updated from the original publication on Feb. 14, 2011)

Twenty-five years ago, as Americans were celebrating Valentine’s Day, Iraqi husbands and fathers in the Amiriyah section of Baghdad were peeling the remains of their wives and children off the walls and floor of a large neighborhood bomb shelter.

The men had left the shelter the evening before, so their wives would have some measure of privacy as they sought refuge from the U.S.-led coalition bombing campaign, which was at its most intense pre-ground-war stage.

After the bombing, the Amiriyah Bunker was turned into a memorial to the victims. Since the U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq in 2003, the memorial was closed to the public.

After the bombing, the Amiriyah Bunker was turned into a memorial to the victims. However, after the U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq in 2003, the memorial was closed to the public. The scene in the photo shows a group of visitors examining the hole created by the U.S. bomb.

All of the more than 400 women and children were incinerated or boiled to death at 4:30 a.m. on Feb. 13, 1991, when two F-117 stealth fighter-bombers each dropped a 2,000-pound laser-guided “smart bomb” on the civilian shelter at Amiriyah.

It was one of those highly accurate “surgical strikes.” The first bomb sliced through 10 feet of reinforced concrete before a time-delayed fuse exploded, destroying propane and water tanks for heating water and food. Minutes later the second bomb flew precisely through the opening that had been cut by the first and exploded deeper in the shelter creating an inferno. Fire rose from the lower level to the area where the women and children were seeking shelter and so did the boiling water. Those who did not burn to death immediately or die from the bombs’ impact were boiled or steamed to death in the intense heat.

The bombs hit toward the end of the month-long bombing campaign to “soften up” Iraq before the U.S.-led ground invasion to drive Iraqi troops from Kuwait. The aerial bombing had begun on Jan. 17, 1991; the coalition flew over 100,000 sorties, dropping 88,500 tons of bombs. U.S. government documents show that the bombs were targeted on civilian as well as military infrastructure. They were very accurate.

This is not to suggest that the targeters knew that some 400 women and children would be killed at Amiriyah. No, it was just one of those unfortunate mistakes to which many Americans have become accustomed, even inured whether the unintended-but-nevertheless-dead victims be in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen, wherever.

Indeed, the stealth aircraft and the ordnance were a proud paragon of precision performing their mission. How was the Air Force to know that the targeting information was based on spurious “intelligence” reports that the shelter had become a military command site?

Actually, Brigadier General Buster Glosson, who had overall responsibility for targeting, later commented that the “intelligence” pointing to military use was not “worth a shit.”

Human Rights Watch noted later in 1991: “It is now well established, through interviews with neighborhood residents, that the Amiriyah structure was plainly marked as a public shelter and was used throughout the air war by large numbers of civilians.”

A BBC correspondent, Jeremy Bowen, was among the first TV reporters to arrive on the scene. He was given access to the site and found no evidence of military use. The Pentagon later admitted that it had known that “the Amiriyah facility had been used as a civil-defense shelter during the Iraq-Iran war” from 1980 to 1988.

So who was held responsible for this horrible “mistake”? Are you kidding? What planet did you say you were from?

A Time to Witness

In “Death of a Salesman,” Arthur Miller puts these words into the mouth of Willy Loman’s wife, Linda, words that I believe also apply to the “small” people huddled that night in the shelter in Amiriyah: “I don’t say he’s a great man. But he’s a human being, and a terrible thing is happening to him. So attention must be paid. He’s not to be allowed to fall in his grave like an old dog. Attention, attention must finally be paid to such a person.”

This imperative was brought home to me when my friend Art Laffin of the Dorothy Day Catholic Worker in Washington, DC, called me on Feb. 12, 2003, as a fresh wave of “coalition” attacks on Iraq loomed. Art had visited the huge underground coffin at Amiriyah. He said: “I was there, Ray; I saw it; I talked to the men.”

Art told me of a memorial liturgy to be held in front of the White House the next day, marking the 12th anniversary of the precision bombing at Amiriyah, lest the massacre be forgotten.

“You should come with us,” said Art in his soft-spoken but prophetically challenging way.

“But I am planning to write the kind of op-ed that might inform enough people about the lies upon which a new war on Iraq would be launched, that the juggernaut might be stopped,” thought I to myself. “If people only knew the truth. ”

Then Linda Loman’s words started ringing in my ears, or perhaps they were coming from somewhere else, maybe a voice emerging out of my deep respect for the likes of Dorothy Day and Art Laffin. “Attention, attention must be finally paid.”

So there we stood marking the day, and praying that somehow future days like it could be avoided. The wind-chill factor was well below zero, so there was some solace to being put in the paddy wagon. It was my first arrest and (brief) imprisonment.

And it was exhilarating. I may be biased, given the experience of this first arrest, but if you are going to risk arrest via non-violent civil disobedience, you can’t have steadier, more prophetic companions than those of the Catholic Worker.

When we went to court for trial the new war had already begun. To our surprise, the judge announced that the arresting officer had not appeared and, thus, we were free to go. I rushed to get out the door, thinking the officer might still get there.

But Art blocked my way, turned to the judge, and asked if she would allow him to explain what we were doing on Feb. 13, 2003, and why. The crowded courtroom listened intently as Art held forth for about five minutes.

“Let’s have some coffee,” said Art as he caught up to me running down the street away from the courthouse. “Have you been able to reflect on what just happened? Do you remember how that African-American woman police officer was listening to us as we shared our hopes in the paddy wagon?

“Do you think, Ray, that non-violent civil disobedience could be contagious?”

A day or two later, a short passage in Luke’s gospel leaped out at me. Jesus of Nazareth is warning fledgling “Catholic workers” about what to expect if they remain faithful:

“Countries will fight each other there will be terrifying things coming from the sky. Before all these things take place, however, you will be arrested and persecuted; you will be handed over to be tried you will be brought before kings and rulers for my sake Stand firm This will be your chance to tell the Good News.”

Duh! My big chance to tell the Good News, and I was running for the door. I was even more grateful that Art did not blow the chance to witness, and to remind me what it is all about.

I’ve matured to the point where witnessing and risking arrest comes more naturally and even more exhilarating. On the very snowy day of Dec. 16, 2010, when 131 witnesses against war were arrested at the White House gates at a rally arranged by Veterans for Peace, 42 of us insisted on standing trial.

The authorities, though, quickly lost their appetite for trying the likes of us, most of whom have defended our country and its constitutional guarantees of freedom of speech and assembly, for “failure to obey a lawful order,” i.e. not moving, after being ordered not to remain standing on the sidewalk in front of the White House. The “paperwork” on us 42 had been misplaced, we were told.

As we celebrate Valentine’s Day and other holidays that stress love and peace, let’s keep in mind that the most painful anniversaries must also be marked; they must be witnessed to; attention must be paid the plight of “small” people still further diminished by the euphemism “collateral damage.”

Ray McGovern works with Tell the Word, a publishing arm of the ecumenical Church of the Saviour in inner-city Washington. He served as a CIA analyst and Army infantry/intelligence officer for almost 30 years, and is co-founder of Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity (VIPS).

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6 comments for “Recalling the Slaughter of Innocents

  1. John
    February 17, 2016 at 11:51 am

    There should soon be a commemorative analysis of the operation at the close of Iraq I war in which the US strafed a very large convoy of Iraq soldiers and Kuwait or Iraq civilians headed from Kuwait to Iraq. Reports then listed from 70,000 to 140,000 casualties, mostly civilian. The vehicles were said to be mostly cars, mixed with military vehicles, so that the civilian presence was presumable.

  2. dahoit
    February 17, 2016 at 12:04 pm

    Wait,this was a purposeful attempt to assassinate Saddam if I remember.
    Evil as one can be,killing innocents to get our wayward son.

  3. February 17, 2016 at 1:24 pm

    Thanks, Bob, for digging this article out of the archive. I had forgotten I wrote it, perhaps because the day after I wrote it I was moved to stand up and turn my back on then Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, and found myself dealing with my wounds from that. I have also been a bit preoccupied dealing with my most recent arrest on Jan. 28 at Hancock Air Force Base in Syracuse, NY, giving witness with upstate Catholic Worker folks, “The Jerry Berrigan 12,” against the vaporizing of people – this time with drones.

    Thanks, too, for reminding me how the White House blamed the incineration of people at Amiriyah on Saddam Hussein. A decent respect for the opinions of mankind would require that Bush and Cheney be brought to justice, rather than given a pass by their timid successors.
    http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/ogc/apparatus/crafting.html

    With respect to the key question regarding what the “intelligence” was/is worth – well, Gen. Glosson was, and still is, correct. Drones are now killing folks by using highly sophisticated NSA algorithms that, truth be told, are worth no more than the targeting “intelligence” of 25 years ago – their worth so aptly described by Glosson.

    “Actually, Brigadier General Buster Glosson, who had overall responsibility for targeting, later commented that the ‘intelligence’ pointing to military use was not ‘worth a shit.’”

    Sadly, the glib – actually, the unconscionable – attitude regarding the worth of targeting “intelligence” also reflects the attitude of U.S. administrations (plural) re. the worth of those targeted. It is an unconscionable attitude tinged with racism and disdain for the “small people” of this world – people who can easily be dehumanized and diminished by White House “Strategic Communications” – with the full cooperation of the Fawning Corporate Media.

    These are moral – one might even say theological – questions. I am indebted to the late Dean Brackley, S.J. of the Jesuits’ El Salvador Province for giving concise words to my theology. The words do not sound very profound, but they are solidly anchored not only in Hebrew and Christian scripture, but also in Islam and other faith traditions. Brackley: “It all depends on who you think God is, and how God feels when little people get pushed around.”)

    Brackley’s obituary can be found at:
    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/29/world/americas/rev-dean-brackley-65-dies-moved-to-el-salvador-after-massacre.html?_r=0

    Ray McGovern

  4. Muriel Kuri
    February 17, 2016 at 6:35 pm

    I am so sad and disheartened to hear of all of these bombings of innocent civilians in all of the unjust wars. I watch daily, the Syria crisis, with the spread of Isis to Libya, Iraq and other places. Just like Saddam Hussein was vilified so we could start an unjust and unneeded war, so now has President Putin been – over and over again. Yet you don’t see him overturning governments, killing presidents and civilians. He keeps trying to meet other country’s leaders and our leaders half way, yet he gets rebuffed for his efforts. Until we rid our government of the deep state that governs us and our politicians, we will be witness to more and more of these atrocities. World War III is around the corner – with each day history seems about to repeat itself. I am an idealist, but I firmly believe that all of us could and should live at peace with each other. Instead of bombs, put out a hand in friendship. The world could be such a wonderful place for all of us!

    • Steve Lane
      February 18, 2016 at 7:36 pm

      You are right Muriel. I think human beings are supposed to live in peace, just as everything else in the universe exists in balance, harmoniously. We, on this world suffer from an unnatural fear, a fear of almost everything, which leads to a propensity for conflict, to feelings of powerlessness, and therefore to irresponsibility. Whether in personal, work, or international relationships. We can’t even be truthful with ourselves most of the time.

      Unfortunately, the majority of the general public simply do not care about anything that exists outside of their selfish, materialistic, entertainment obsessed life bubbles. This allows deranged lunatics to worm their way into positions of power and influence unchallenged in order to wreak their egotistical megalomania on the Earth, without fear of punishment, paving the way for the next generation of lunatics.

      It is as if we are engineered for war. We don’t want to learn from our mistakes. We don’t want to face the truth, which, without a fundamental change in thinking, will lead to our self destruction.

      When discussing things like greed, corruption and war I often hear people say things like, “there’s nothing I can do about it.” or “that’s all very well in an ideal world but…. .” Well, it is the collective ‘we’ that ‘makes’ the world. We are supposed to live in an ideal world. We must learn to take responsibility for our thoughts, feelings and actions instead of believing that it’s someone else’s problem and that there’s nothing we can do about it. No-one is going to save us, it is up to us to solve our own problems. Perhaps it will take unimaginable human suffering through global catastrophe, wars bringing us close to total annihilation, in order for the penny to drop and realise what we have done (or not done).

      I can only say my thanks to people like Ray and to the journalists that try their best to report the truth and make us aware. So thanks for doing the right thing! The rest of us can at least spread the awareness and hope for a cumulative effect one day.

      The universal law of causality must always have it’s way. Lets hope we don’t make another asteroid belt!

  5. Bill Bodden
    February 18, 2016 at 2:10 pm

    Many of us won’t be around for the 50th anniversary of the Iraq war, but we may safely presume that the war department in that five-sided black hole on the Potomac will try some revision of history similar to the Pentagon’s recent effort on Vietnam.

    We are all in the habit of referring to the attacks on Iraq in 2003 as the Iraq war, but is war the correct terminology? It was so one-sided, shouldn’t we refer to it as the Iraq massacre?

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