Israel’s Growing Intolerance

The central contradiction in the cozy U.S. relationship with Israel is that the American system rejects religious and ethnic preferences and Israel embraces them. This intolerance is growing as ultra-Orthodox Jews direct discrimination against women, as ex-CIA analyst Paul R. Pillar notes.

By Paul R. Pillar

From time to time we hear news from Israel that reflects growing religious intolerance there. An attention-getting story from a little more than a year ago concerned ultra-Orthodox men in the community of Beit Shemesh spitting on an eight-year-old girl and calling her a prostitute because her modest dress was not modest enough to suit them.

An immediate thought such incidents engender is how remarkably similar this is to the religious intolerance displayed by Muslim fundamentalists, including ones in Arab countries surrounding Israel. There is the same effort to impose sectarian preferences on a larger society. And there is the same gender discrimination involved in efforts to constrain and subjugate women.

The Western Wall (also known as the Wailing Wall), the remnant of the wall that surrounded the Jewish Temple’s courtyard in the Old City of Jerusalem. (Photo credit: Golasso, Wikimedia Commons)

The very high birth rate among the ultra-Orthodox, and thus their growing demographic and political weight, underlies increasing intolerance in Israel. But there is more to it than that, in a state that defines its existence and character in terms of single religion or ethnicity. This definition not only implies second-class status for citizens not of that religion but also enlists the power of the state in the sectarian aims of whoever gets to specify in more detail the nature of the dominant religion.

It is that same power of the state, which was not involved in the incident with the spat-upon schoolgirl, that is the most noteworthy aspect of an incident this week at the Western Wall. Ten women, including two American-born rabbis, were arrested by Israeli police for praying there while wearing prayer shawls traditionally used by men.

This was not a demonstration by the women or an attempt by them to disrupt the peace. It may be disturbing enough for some that even a rabbi could not pray as she wished at a Jewish holy site. What should be even more disturbing is that police on the public payroll are enforcing such intolerance.

This incident and others like it inspire two further observations. The first is just to underscore the irony of the convergence of behavior by religious fundamentalists in Israel and those in Muslim-majority countries. Israel, given its current political direction, has walled itself off from its neighbors and accepts estrangement from them.

Israelis say we should be concerned about increased political roles assumed by religious fundamentalists in neighbors such as Egypt. And yet at the same time there is an increasing amount of behavior in Israel, supported or condoned by state power, that looks just like the behavior of those other fundamentalists.

The other observation is that this convergence with one of the more intolerant and ignoble aspects of life in the Middle East is part of a divergence of Israel from the values of its superpower patron, the United States. The notion of shared values has always been a leading rationale for the extraordinary patronage bestowed on Israel.

That notion always has been flawed, and it is becoming decreasingly credible. One of the basic flaws involves religion, with one state defined in terms of a particular religion and the other based on a separation of church and state.

Of course, there are fundamentalists in the United States who try to erode that separation, whether it is school boards messing with textbooks, employers wanting their personal religious beliefs to shape national laws regarding health care, or a fervently Christianist candidate (Rick Santorum) making a serious run for the presidency last year. But overall the establishment clause of the First Amendment is still operative.

A federal court in Minnesota reaffirmed that clause last month in dismissing a lawsuit contending that Hebrew National kosher hot dogs are not really kosher. That’s not the business of courts, this court properly decided. What makes a hot dog kosher is a religious question to be decided by rabbis in the private sector entities that certify such things. In the United States it is not a matter for judges, police or anyone else on the public payroll, any more than proper wearing of a prayer shawl would be a matter for them.

Freedom of the press is another First Amendment freedom where Israel diverges significantly from the United States. There is an irony here, too, in that there is freer discussion in Israel, including the Israeli press, than there is in the United States about basic issues of Israel’s direction and its relationship with the United States.

But on many other subjects the Israeli military censor heavily restricts what can be reported, as demonstrated by a story this week about a Prisoner X who mysteriously died in a high-security Israeli prison. In the most recent press freedom index calculated by Reporters Without Borders, Israel ranks 112 out of 179 nations worldwide. The United States is 32nd.

Then there is the issue of gender equality. In the United States the status of women has been improving at least since enactment of the Nineteenth Amendment. In many ways Israeli women enjoy more equality than in many other countries, but with the growing impact of religious fundamentalism on gender issues it would be hard to say that current trends in Israel are going in the same direction as the United States.

Finally there is the issue on which there is the greatest divergence, which concerns political rights for all regardless of ethnicity or religion. True, there are elements in the United States that are trying to mess with this one too, by making it harder for some segments of the population to exercise their right to vote. But with the United States there is nothing remotely comparable to the wholesale denial of political rights for entire ethnic groups that there is in territory controlled by Israel.

Paul R. Pillar, in his 28 years at the Central Intelligence Agency, rose to be one of the agency’s top analysts. He is now a visiting professor at Georgetown University for security studies. (This article first appeared as a blog post at The National Interest’s Web site. Reprinted with author’s permission.)

14 comments for “Israel’s Growing Intolerance

  1. tomjadtmu
    February 18, 2013 at 09:08
  2. Morton Kurzweil
    February 15, 2013 at 21:53

    “American system rejects religious and ethnic preferences and Israel embraces them.”
    Does the name ‘Tea Party’ or ‘Christian America’ ring a bell.

    Tolerance and intolerance are two sides of the same paranoia. Conservatives use a very different thought process than liberals. they rely on an an active amygdala, the area of the brain that controls fight-or flight behavior in response to perceived threat. The result is fear, paranoia, vengeance and violent behavior. This is obvious in all orthodoxy which must rely on hierarchal gang behavior for survival. Liberal behavior begins with activity of the insula area of the brain that deals with social and cooperative response to threat or perceived danger. This behavior is not directed by fear but by social cognitive behavior toward social goals.
    The behavioral differences are obvious. Two different personality types that think with different emotional areas of the brain can never understand the causes of their differences by ‘tolerating’ each other.

  3. Revo
    February 15, 2013 at 01:20

    Israel hatred is more toward Christians than that of Moslems. They shout, “Death to Christians”, they call Jesus “son of whore”, they spit at Christian churchmen, they say, “Jesus is immersed in boiling excrement in Hell”. A Jew woman comedian said: “Good! I hope the Jews did kill Christ, I will do it again. I’d ….. do it again in a second“. They referred to Jesus as a monkey. They say, Christianity preaches idolatry.
    A Jewish rabbi had issued an edict that Jews can worship in a Moslem mosque but not at Christian church, because Christian church houses idol.

  4. Simon
    February 14, 2013 at 19:45

    My view on life is that when you are angry/hate someone it’s because some trait in that other person represents something about you that you don’t like about yourself. Hence, when hating someone else you are actually manifesting hate at yourself; the reason(s) for Israel’s hatred towards certain groups is that they are projecting what they hate about themselves onto those groups. It’s twisted. If one were to look at the key points Israel uses to demonize others they are most likely the key points that Israel is afraid of in themselves.

    Extremism – Israel demonizes other cultures, mainly Islamic, as extremists however, Israel is very extremist.

    Oppression – Israel decries the oppressive regimes around them however, they are the oppressors.

    Militarisation – Israel feigns fear over their neighbours military “might” however, Israel is arguable the first or second most militarized nation on earth

    Human rights – Israel uses the human rights records of their neighbours to denounce them however, Israel’s records is as bad or worse, the number of prisoners denied due process, disappeared, soldiers shooting civilians etc…

    Women’s rights – Israel denounces arab nations for their attitudes towards women, however, look at Israel…

    And the many points in the article

    Israel needs a good psychiatrist

    • John Puma
      February 15, 2013 at 17:09

      Now finish the exercise by substituting “America” for “Israel.”

      Maybe America & Iarael can get a group rate with the psychiatrist they both badly need.

      • Frank Pitz
        February 17, 2013 at 13:05

        So true (but I don’t believe they qualify for a group rate).

  5. Sam Winniex
    February 14, 2013 at 19:33

    The statement, “the American system rejects religious and ethnic preferences”, is a falsehood. The current preferences are for anything not Christian, not white male, not Jewish. As a white male Christian with some Jewish ancestry, I feel discriminated against every day by all levels of government and media. America is supposed to be a nation and safe-harbor for Christians and Jews, but this is being turned on its head. The nation of Israel is supposed to be a safe-harbor and homeland for Jews only. It is that first and foremost; it is only supposed to be a democracy of Jews. And this is a GOOD thing because of the Islamic hatred for anything Jewish (or Christian for that matter).

    • incontinent reader
      February 15, 2013 at 14:31

      That’s a pretty shifty mischaracterization and bit of obfuscation.

      • gregorylkruse
        February 15, 2013 at 15:29

        You are too kind.

  6. John
    February 14, 2013 at 18:06

    Haaretz reported just recently, graffiti painted onto tombstones in central Jerusalem, “Death to Arabs”, “Mohammed is dead” along with 30 Stars of David. It also reminded readers that at the Monastery of the Cross in Jerusalem, was painted, “Happy Hanukkah – price tag”, and “Jesus is a son of a bitch”. Price Tag is a racist right wing Jewish phenomenon.
    Ynet reported on the 13th, that Israeli border guards stationed in a square of central Jerusalem were recorded singing “Muhammad is dead”. They are facing disciplinary actions.
    Religion gone bad. The true meaning and humanity of religion is lost in these people.

  7. Hillary
    February 14, 2013 at 15:25

    “there is freer discussion in Israel, including the Israeli press, than there is in the United States about basic issues of Israel’s direction and its relationship with the United States.”
    A fact known for “years” but “many US publications” continue the silence.

  8. F. G. Sanford
    February 14, 2013 at 13:29

    When I was in college, my roommate had a summer job working in a cookie factory. In order to get the “Pareve” designator that they were “kosher”, he said, a Rabbi had to perform some kind of perfunctory ritual. Out of curiosity, I asked, “What kind of ritual does the Rabbi perform”? My roommate answered, “He stops by and picks up a check”.

  9. incontinent reader
    February 14, 2013 at 12:33

    Maybe they should disguise and dress up Dershowitz as a carping, petulant woman so that he can suffer the same abuse his advocacy has facilitated, and then let him go back to report to his Constitutional law class, surrounded of by Cleese, Palin, Idle, Chapman, et al…… and, of course, the dead parrot.

    • incontinent reader
      February 14, 2013 at 12:35

      Sorry for the poor grammar and proofing. Blame it on Alan.

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