Bushes Play the 'Traitor' Card
By Robert Parry
October 18, 2004
The assaults on Sen. John Kerrys patriotism first from the Swift boat ads and now from an attack-video to be aired nationally before the Nov. 2 election look to be part of a Bush family pattern, which also was on display in 1992 when the elder George H.W. Bush instigated a smear campaign against Bill Clinton for alleged disloyalty.
In 1992, the Bush reelection plan was to disqualify Clinton with the voters by publicizing bogus allegations that Clinton had tried to renounce his U.S. citizenship during the Vietnam War. The first President Bush and his allies also pushed rumors that Clinton had treasonous contacts with Soviet-bloc communists during a student trip to Eastern Europe in the 1970s.
Today, Bush supporters are hurling similar disloyalty allegations at Kerry that he lied about his combat experience in Vietnam and that he betrayed his country in his anti-war activism upon his return. George W. Bushs campaign insists that its not behind these charges. But there were similar denials in 1992 and the now-available documentary record shows that George H.W. Bush was at least the sparkplug behind the attacks on Clintons loyalty.
Its also important to remember that the 1992 scheme might well have succeeded in destroying Clinton, except it was countered by a few alert Democrats on Capitol Hill. [More below]
In both 1992 and 2004, there also were elements of the Republican operations that remain a mystery. In 1992, there were calls from Bush campaign officials to Czechoslovakia in what appears to have been an effort to dig up dirt on Clinton or to plant damaging news articles there that would blow back to the United States.
This year, there is the strange story about an anti-Kerry Swift boat veteran showing up at a remote Vietnamese village where Kerry earned his Silver Star in a 1969 firefight. That disclosure was part of an ABCs Nightline report on Oct. 14, 2004, based on interviews with Vietnamese in the villages of Tran Thoi and Nha Vi on the Bay Hap River.
The main point of the Nightline report was that the villagers confirmed the wartime accounts from Kerry, his crew and the official U.S. records that there had been heavy firing in the clash between Kerrys Swift boats and Vietcong cadre on Feb. 28, 1969. The villagers also debunked a central claim by anti-Kerry Swift boat veteran John ONeill that the only Vietcong fighter was a youngster in a loin cloth who was wounded and fleeing when Kerry shot him in the back.
Contradicting ONeills best-selling book Unfit for Command, the villagers identified the dead Vietcong as Ba Thanh, a man in his mid-20s who was dressed in the Vietcongs characteristic black pajamas. He had been sent to the village by headquarters with a B-40 rocket launcher as part of a special 12-man unit targeting Swift boats, the villagers said.
But a curious part of the Nightline report was a statement by one villager, Nguyen Van Khoai, who said two men an American calling himself a Swift boat veteran and a cameraman had interviewed him about the incident about six months earlier.
Nguyen remembered that the two visitors had mentioned that another Swift boat veteran was running for U.S. President and they said he didnt do anything to deserve the medal won for his actions during the 1969 battle. Nguyen said he declined to discuss whether Kerry had deserved his medal, and the two men went back down river.
Nightline said it couldnt identify the two men, but their appearance at a remote Vietnamese village when Nightline had to overcome government resistance to travel there suggests that allies of the Bush campaign may be going to extraordinary lengths to discredit Kerry. It also begs the question of whether the U.S. Embassy in Vietnam has played any role.
Those questions might seem overly suspicious, except that George W. Bush has refused to specifically condemn the anti-Kerry charges. (Bush has only urged an end to all independent political ads, including those that have reported accurately about his dubious Texas Air National Guard record.) Theres also the history of the Bush familys ruthless political style. [For details on how the Bushes do politics, see Robert Parrys Secrecy & Privilege.]
In 1992, for instance, George H.W. Bushs White House pulled strings at the State Department and at U.S. embassies in Europe to uncover and to disseminate derogatory information about Bill Clinton in the final weeks of the campaign.
The Bush assault on Clintons patriotism moved into high gear on the night of Sept. 30, 1992, when assistant secretary of state Elizabeth Tamposi under pressure from the White House ordered three aides to pore through Clintons passport files in search of a purported letter in which Clinton supposedly sought to renounce his citizenship.
Though no letter was found, Tamposi still injected the suspicions into the campaign by citing a small tear in the corner of Clintons passport application as evidence that someone might have tampered with the file, presumably to remove the supposed letter. She fashioned that speculation into a criminal referral to the FBI.
Within hours, someone from the Bush camp leaked word about the confidential FBI investigation to reporters at Newsweek magazine. The Newsweek story about the tampering investigation hit the newsstands on Oct. 4. The article suggested that a Clinton backer might have removed incriminating material from Clintons passport file, precisely the spin that the Bush people wanted.
Immediately, President George H.W. Bush took the offensive, using the press frenzy over the tampering story to attack Clintons patriotism on a variety of fronts, including his student trip to Moscow in 1970. With his patriotism challenged, Clinton saw his once-formidable lead shrink. Panic spread through the Clinton campaign.
The Bush camp put out another suspicion, that Clinton might have been a KGB agent of influence. Rev. Sun Myung Moons Washington Times headlined that allegation on Oct. 5, 1992, a story that attracted President Bushs personal interest. Now there are stories that Clinton may have gone to Moscow as [a] guest of the KGB, Bush wrote in his diary that day.
The suspicions about Clintons patriotism might have doomed Clintons election, except that Spencer Oliver, then chief counsel on the Democratic-controlled House International Affairs Committee, suspected a dirty trick.
I said you cant go into someones passport file, Oliver told me in an interview. Thats a violation of the law, only in pursuit of a criminal indictment or something. But without his permission, you cant examine his passport file. Its a violation of the Privacy Act.
After consulting with House committee chairman Dante Fascell and a colleague on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Oliver dispatched a couple of investigators to the National Archives warehouse in Suitland. The brief congressional check discovered that State Department political appointees had gone out to Suitland at night to search through Clintons records and those of his mother.
Olivers assistants also found that the administrations tampering allegation rested on a very weak premise, the slight tear in the passport application. The circumstances of the late-night search soon found their way into an article in the Washington Post, causing embarrassment to the Bush campaign.
Not Letting Go
Yet still sensing that the loyalty theme could hurt Clinton, President Bush kept stoking the fire. On CNNs Larry King Live on Oct. 7, 1992, Bush suggested anew that there was something sinister about a possible Clinton friend allegedly tampering with Clintons passport file.
Why in the world would anybody want to tamper with his files, you know, to support the man? Bush wondered before a national TV audience. I mean, I dont understand that. What would exonerate him put it that way in the files?
The next day, in his diary, Bush ruminated suspiciously about Clintons Moscow trip: All kinds of rumors as to who his hosts were in Russia, something he cant remember anything about.
But the GOP attack on Clintons loyalty prompted some Democrats to liken Bush to Sen. Joseph McCarthy, who built a political career in the early days of the Cold War challenging peoples loyalties without offering proof. On Oct. 9, the FBI complicated Bushs strategy further by rejecting the criminal referral. The FBI concluded that there was no evidence that anyone had removed anything from Clintons passport file.
At that point, Bush began backpedaling: If hes told all there is to tell on Moscow, fine, Bush said on ABCs Good Morning America. Im not suggesting that theres anything unpatriotic about that. A lot of people went to Moscow, and so thats the end of that one.
But the documents I obtained years later at the National Archives revealed that privately Bush was not so ready to surrender the disloyalty theme. The day before the first presidential debate on Oct. 11, Bush prepped himself with one-liners designed to spotlight doubts about Clintons loyalty if the right opening presented itself.
Its hard to visit foreign countries with a torn-up passport, read one of the scripted lines. Another zinger read: Contrary to what the Governors been saying, most young men his age did not try to duck the draft. A few did go to Canada. A couple went to England. Only one I know went to Russia. If Clinton had criticized Bushs use of a Houston hotel room as a legal residence, Bush was ready to hit back with another Russian reference: Where is your legal residence, Little Rock or Leningrad?
But the Oct. 11 presidential debate which also involved Reform Party candidate Ross Perot did not go as Bush had hoped. Bush did raise the loyalty issue in response to an early question about character, but the incumbents message was lost in a cascade of inarticulate sentence fragments.
I said something the other day where I was accused of being like Joe McCarthy because I question Ill put it this way, I think its wrong to demonstrate against your own country or organize demonstrations against your own country in foreign soil, Bush said. I just think its wrong. I that maybe they say, well, it was a youthful indiscretion. I was 19 or 20 flying off an aircraft carrier and that shaped me to be commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and Im sorry but demonstrating its not a question of patriotism, its a question of character and judgment.
Clinton countered by challenging Bush directly. You have questioned my patriotism, the Democrat shot back. Clinton then unloaded his own zinger: When Joe McCarthy went around this country attacking peoples patriotism, he was wrong. He was wrong, and a senator from Connecticut stood up to him, named Prescott Bush. Your father was right to stand up to Joe McCarthy. You were wrong to attack my patriotism.
Many observers rated Clintons negative comparison of Bush to his father as Bushs worst moment in the debate. An unsettled Bush didnt regain the initiative for the remainder of the evening.
The search of Clintons passport file had other repercussions. Eventually, the State Departments inspector general sought a special prosecutor investigation for a scandal that became known as Passportgate.
In the end, however, Bush escaped any legal consequences from the passport gambit in large part because a Republican attorney, Joseph diGenova, was named to serve as special prosecutor. DiGenovas investigation cleared Bush and his administration of any wrongdoing. DiGenova said he found no evidence that President Bush was involved in this matter.
FBI documents that I found in the National Archives, however, presented a more complicated picture. Speaking to diGenova and his investigators in fall 1993, George H.W. Bush said he had encouraged White House chief of staff James Baker and other aides to investigate Clinton and to make sure the information got out.
Although he [Bush] did not recall tasking Baker to research any particular matter, he may have asked why the campaign did not know more about Clintons demonstrating, said the FBI interview report, dated Oct. 23, 1993. The President advised that he probably would have said, Hooray, somebodys going to finally do something about this. If he had learned that the Washington Times was planning to publish an article, he would have said, Thats good, its about time.
Based on his depth of feeling on this issue, President Bush responded to a hypothetical question that he would have recommended getting the truth out if it were legal, the FBI wrote in summarizing Bushs statements. The President added that he would not have been concerned over the legality of the issue but just the facts and what was in the files.
Bush also said he understood how his impassioned comments about Clintons loyalty might have led some members of his staff to conclude that he had a one-track mind on the issue. He also expressed disappointment that the Clinton passport search uncovered so little.
The President described himself as being indignant over the fact that the campaign did not find out what Clinton was doing while a student studying abroad, the FBI report said.
Bushs comments seem to suggest that the President had pushed his subordinates into a violation of Clintons privacy rights. But diGenova, who had worked for the Reagan-Bush Justice Department, already had signaled to the former President that the probe was going no where.
At the start of the Oct. 23 interview, which took place at Bushs office in Houston, diGenova assured Bush that the investigations staff lawyers were all seasoned prof[essional] prosecutors who know what a real crime looks like, according to FBI notes of the meeting. [This is] not a gen[eral] probe of pol[itics] in Amer[ica] or dirty tricks, etc., or a general license to rummage in peoples personal lives.
As the interview ended, two of diGenovas assistants Lisa Rich and Laura Laughlin asked Bush for autographs, according to the FBIs notes on the meeting.
Czech-ing on Bill
January 1994, the curious Czech trip stories took another turn. The Czech news
media reported that former Czech intelligence officials were saying that in
1992, the Czech secret police, the Federal Security and Information Service (FBIS),
had collaborated with the Bush reelection campaign to dig up dirt on Clinton.
The centrist newspaper Mlada Fronta Dnes reported that during the 1992 campaign, the FBIS gave the Republicans internal data about Clintons Moscow-Prague trips and supplied background material about Clintons connections inside Czechoslovakia. Derogatory information also allegedly was funneled through officials at the U.S. Embassy and was leaked to cooperative journalists.
The Czech stories suggested that the first Bush administration would go so far as to collaborate with a foreign secret police agency to undermine a political opponent. So this years attacks on Kerrys patriotism do not stand alone.
Indeed, the accusations from the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth and the anti-Kerry video Stolen Honor to be aired by the pro-Bush Sinclair Broadcasting Group seem to fit a pattern of how the Bushes deconstruct those who challenge the familys hold on government power.
Award-winning investigative reporter Robert Parry's latest book is Secrecy & Privilege: Rise of the Bush Dynasty from Watergate to Iraq. It can be purchased at secrecyandprivilege.com. It's also available at Amazon.com.
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