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Why the Israeli Boycott Is Growing

By Lawrence Davidson
September 8, 2010

Editor’s Note: The longstanding Likud strategy of expanding Jewish settlements onto Palestinian lands – and thus advancing the goal of a Greater Israel – has had the predictable result of turning more and more of the world’s population against the Israeli cause.

Though the pro-Israel lobby and its neoconservative allies remain dominant in U.S. political circles, people of conscience in Israel and around the world are growing increasingly uneasy with the harsh treatment of the Palestinians, leading to a growing boycott movement, which Professor Lawrence Davidson addresses in this guest essay:

On Sunday, the Israel newspaper Haaretz published an article with the headline "Anti-Israel Economic Boycotts are Gaining Speed" and with the subtitle, "the sums involved are not large, but their international significance is huge."

Actually, what seems to have triggered the piece was less “international” than local. It was the decision of a "few dozen theater people" to boycott "a new cultural center in Ariel," an illegally settled town in the Palestinian Occupied Territories.

This action drew public support from 150 academics in Israel – and a loud and hateful reaction from the Israeli Right, which presently controls the government and much of Israel’s information environment.
Though the theater protest was domestic, it provided a jumping off point for Haaretz to go on and examine the larger international boycott of Israel which is indeed "gaining speed." The newspaper noted that Chile had recently pledged to boycott products from the Israeli settlements and Norway’s state pension plan had divested itself of companies involved in construction in the Occupied Territories.

The Haaretz article pointed out that these incidents (and there are others that can be named in such countries as Ireland and Venezuela) are signs that the boycott movement – so long the province of peace activists – is now finding resonance at the level of national governments.

The Israeli newspaper declared that "the world is changing before our eyes. Five years ago the anti-Israel movement may have been marginal. Now it is growing into an economic problem."
The article puts forth two explanations for this turn of events, one of which is problematic and the other incomplete. Let’s take a look at them.
1. "Until now boycott organizers had been on the far left. [Now] they have a new ally: Islamic organizations. … The red [political] side has a name for championing human rights, while the green [Islamic] side has money."

I have some personal knowledge of the boycott movement and I find some of these particulars to be, at best, exaggerations. The term "far left" must be based on some arbitrary Zionist definition of the political spectrum. Worldwide community support for the growing boycott movement has gone beyond political alignments.

Today, it is a reflection of a real united front seeking the promotion of Palestinian human rights (in this Haaretz is on the mark).

As for the "green side," there is certainly an understandable affinity here. Muslims too are concerned about the human rights of Palestinians (including the Christians ones). However, the claim of any significant flow of cash is, as far as I know, another exaggeration.

The Haaretz piece cites the example of the aid flotilla to Gaza, with its link to Turkey. But this is just one case in a worldwide movement. And, there was nothing illegitimate (despite Israeli propaganda) about the involvement of Turkish charities. It might come as a surprise to the Israelis, but you can run a boycott movement without heavy outside funding – as was the case of the boycott against South Africa.
2. Haaretz continues, "but then came the occupation, which turned us into the evil Goliath, the cruel oppressor, a darkness on the nations." The article suggests that this is such a contrast with the righteous stand that helped convince the West to support the original formation of Israel that many have turned away from Israel in disappointment.

The newspaper added: "And now we are paying the price of presenting ourselves as righteous and causing disappointment: boycott."

No doubt there is much disappointment. The horrors of Israeli expansionism and occupation are such that they draw worldwide attention. And rightly so. But, they are symptoms of some deeper cause. What might it be?

The state of Israel was founded on an ideological program called Zionism. That program called for the establishment of a state designed to serve the exclusive interests of one religiously identified group.

While the Zionists felt this aim was justified by the centuries of persecution suffered by European Jews, it actually carried within it the seeds of its own corruption. The simple truth is that you cannot successfully design a state for one group only unless you found it on some desert island.

If you put it down in a place that is occupied by others who are not of your group, what is the most likely next step? You turn into racists, ethnic cleansers, or worse.

The Zionist adherence to their ideology and its program is the cause of their turning into "cruel oppressors." The means dictated by their end made it so.
The Haaretz article does not go beyond these points, but there is plenty more to say. Those who wonder whether they should support the boycott should certainly consider the horrors of the Israeli occupation and its ghettoizing of the people of Gaza. They might also consider the following:
1. The non-Jewish population of Israel proper, that is Israel within the 1967 borders (the "Green Line") are subject to segregation and economic and social discrimination that is both de jure and de facto.

Their overall standards of living are lower than the Israeli Jews, their educational facilities inferior and their economic prospects poorer. This is to be expected. If you are running your state based on a racist principle, by definition discrimination must infuse the home front.

This fact does not appear to fit with the often heard claim that the Israelis are "just like us" Americans. However, in a rather anachronistic way they are "like us" – that is like the United States prior to our civil rights legislation. In other words, Israel is like, say, Georgia or Alabama circa the 1920s.
2. The second factor worthy of consideration is the negative international impact of Zionist ideology, for the harm Zionism is not confined to either Israel or its Occupied Territories.

The fact is that Zionist influence spreads far beyond Israel’s area of dominion and now influences many of the policy-making institutions of Western governments, and particularly those of the United States. This influence is corruptive if only because it distorts both official and popular notions of national interests in the Middle East.

When you have a powerful and single-minded lobby that is able to manipulate your government in such a fashion that it pours its national treasure into a racist state, arms it and protects it to the point of becoming an accomplice to its crimes, and by doing so willfully alienates 22 percent of the world’s population, you know that your notion of national interest has been seriously mangled.

This harmful influence makes it imperative that Israel’s oppressive behavior be singled out as a high-priority case from among the many other oppressive regimes that may be candidates for boycott.
So no one in Israel, the U.S. or anywhere else should be surprised that the boycott against Israel, in its many manifestations, is "gaining speed."

Lawrence Davidson is a history professor at West Chester University in Pennsylvania. He is the author of Foreign Policy Inc.: Privatizing America's National Interest; America's Palestine: Popular and Offical Perceptions from Balfour to Israeli Statehood; and Islamic Fundamentalism.

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