The 40-year-old Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is under stress because of new nations mastering the skills for building nuclear bombs, some nations hiding their nuclear capabilities, and established nuclear powers refusing to move toward disarmament.
Gustavo Zlauvinen, a representative of the International Atomic Energy Agency, which is responsible for monitoring compliance with the treaty, says the original accord was drafted in 1968 to respond to a different era when only a few industrialized nations had the technological capabilities for building nuclear bombs.
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Zlauvinen says now nations that were considered relatively primitive four decades ago have enhanced their scientific skills -- and other countries, such as Israel, India and Pakistan, have entered the nuclear club by essentially ignoring the non-proliferation treaty. He adds that 40 years ago, it was also expected that the existing nuclear nations would press ahead toward nuclear disarmament, which hasn’t happened.
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