Letting Iran in on Syrian Peace Talks

The U.S.-Russia-led peace talks on Syria face many obstacles, including rebels demanding weapons in exchange for showing up. But one self-imposed obstacle would be Official Washington blocking Iranian participation out of a misguided fear of political fallout, as ex-CIA analyst Paul R. Pillar explains.

By Paul R. Pillar

A perpetual – and perpetually misguided – American notion about international negotiations is that sitting down to talk constitutes some sort of reward for the party on the other side of the table, a reward to be bestowed only in return for good behavior.

This notion may be involved, even if only indirectly, in the curious U.S. resistance to participation by Iran in the prospective international conference about the conflict in Syria. Perhaps the resistance has more recently lessened; on Tuesday the deputy Iranian foreign minister commentedin Moscow that Iran had received a “verbal invitation” to attend the conference, without specifying who had extended the invitation. We should hope that the verbal invitation will turn out to be a firm one.

The United States has been joined in its resistance by France. Maybe Paris’s posture has been rooted somehow in old French hang-ups about the Levant. The reason for the similar posture by the Obama administration, notwithstanding its leadership role along with Russia in arranging the conference in the first place, is unclear.

Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. (Iranian government photo)

If the administration itself does not subscribe to the talking-as-reward school of thought, possibly the policy has been just one more manifestation of an environment in Washington in which anything that could be construed as a positive gesture toward Iran is considered bad politics and the opposite is always good politics.

From the standpoint of trying to ameliorate the situation in Syria, there is no way that exclusion of Iran can help, no matter how negative and nefarious a role the Iranians are assumed to be playing. The general principle involved is that the only peace talks that are ever meaningful are ones with adversaries, not with just friends and allies. In the Syrian case, anyone playing any significant role in the conflict, positive or negative, ipso facto belongs at the table.

If the Iranians have reason to do things regarding the Syrian conflict now, with no peace talks, that we consider unhelpful, they would have no less reason to do similar things if they are excluded from any talks that do take place. There would be more possibility of change with the dialogue and deal-making at a conference. Exclusion would only increase Iran’s incentive to find other ways to make its weight felt.

Perhaps some of the thinking has been that no encouragement should be given to Iran playing any significant regional role, not just on Syria. But players in the region are not going to take instructions from Paris and Washington regarding how they should regard other regional players and whom they should deal with.

Besides, anything that leads the Iranians to feel more of a stake in regional stability is on balance good. Exactly what that should mean in terms of Iranian behavior is something worth talking to them about.

Paul R. Pillar, in his 28 years at the Central Intelligence Agency, rose to be one of the agency’s top analysts. He is now a visiting professor at Georgetown University for security studies. (This article first appeared as a blog post at The National Interest’s Web site. Reprinted with author’s permission.)

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7 comments on “Letting Iran in on Syrian Peace Talks

  1. Hillary on said:

    “Perhaps some of the thinking has been that no encouragement should be given to Iran playing any significant regional role, not just on Syria.”
    .
    Of course the thinking has been dominated by neocons encouraging only what is good for Israeli domination and the spreading of its “war on terror” worldwide .

    • Peter Loeb on said:

      The facts are that neither the US nor Israel are anywhere close to any so-called “serious” neogiation either with the Syrian regime or with Iran. Such
      negotiations would require that the Israel sign the NPT, that Israel de-militarize under random inspection by the IAEA, that Israel join the Middle
      East Nuclear Free Zone (MENFZ), that Israel and the US leave the West Bank
      and Gaza which they currently occupy, and as Iran has often required that
      sanctions on Iran be lifted. All military assistance to the “opposition” should be discontinued including so-called “non-lethal” assistance. Everyone
      knows that the US and Israel are not even close to any such steps. Thus there
      is no “serious” negotiation by the US and Israel.

      • borat on said:

        Why would Israel’s worst enemy since nazi germany be given such power? iran’s puppet president has publically stated over and over calling for the eradication of Israel. Having an iranian proxy govt. ruling in Syria would pose a direct threat.

        • Hillary on said:

          Why does this Zionist fanatic “Borat” repeat lies over and over again.
          .
          Iran’s President has NEVER ” publically stated over and over calling for the eradication of Israel.”
          .
          Borat seems a hasbara propaganda machine but knows the rule

          ” The lie repeated often enough becomes the truth “

        • Frances in California on said:

          Hillary, borat repeats lies over and over because he has nothing else.

          • borat on said:

            Francis and Hillary live in a fool’s paradise.

            On 11 December 2006, at the International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust,” a gathering of Holocaust deniers in Tehran, Ahmadinejad said: “Thanks to people’s wishes and God’s will the trend for the existence of the Zionist regime is [headed] downwards and this is what God has promised and what all nations want.

            The Zionist regime will be wiped out soon the same way the Soviet Union was, and humanity will achieve freedom.
            On Israel’s 60th birthday, Ahmadinejad said:

            Those who think they can revive the stinking corpse of the usurping and fake Israeli regime by throwing a birthday party are seriously mistaken. Today the reason for the Zionist regime’s existence is questioned, and this regime is on its way to annihilation.”

            Ahmadinejad also stated that Israel “has reached the end like a dead rat after being slapped by the Lebanese.” Later, he said: “The Zionist regime is dying,” and “The criminals imagine that by holding celebrations (…) they can save the Zionist regime from death.”

            Ahmadinejad also stated that “They should know that regional nations hate this fake and criminal regime and if the smallest and briefest chance is given to regional nations they will destroy (it)”

            In his address to the 2008 United Nations General Assembly, Ahmadinejad said that “today the Zionist regime is on a definite slope to collapse.”

            In July 2012, ahead of Qods Day, Ahmdainejad said that “any freedom lover and justice seeker in the world must do its best for the annihilation of the Zionist regime in order to pave the path for the establishment of justice and freedom in the world,” and that the ultimate objective of world forces must be the annihilation of the “Zionist regime”.

  2. Morton Kurzweil on said:

    “— the notion about international negotiations is that sitting down to talk constitutes some sort of reward for the party on the other side of the table” Is the kind of negotiations every lawyer uses to plead a case. The unwritten and unspoken code requires that lawyers on both sides must profit for their work and survive unscathed to negotiate either side of another case.
    The are not immoral. They are amoral, as much as corporations are amoral citizens. It is this very exemption from responsibility that conflicts with having any representative of the people believe that the national safety and security my be open to negotiations. When we held the appreciation and prestige of the free world, we negotiated from strength. When international corporations held more influence than nations we became a third world nation.
    When we reinvent our national classless democracy we will again lead the world by example, without negotiation with anarchists or having the youth feel illegitimate in a nation led by old men with delusions of hierarchal mandate by election.
    Election is the only negotiation of value in a democracy if the elected representatives understand that they are servants of the people.